Help:Images

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<languages /> Template:PD Help Page <translate> This page explains the image syntax when editing the wiki.</translate> <translate> You or another user must usually [[<tvar name=1>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Managing files</tvar>|upload an image]] before you can use it on a page.</translate>

<translate> Images that are stored on a MediaWiki server are usually rendered by using the <tvar name=1>File:</tvar> namespace prefix (but the legacy <tvar name=2>Image:</tvar> namespace prefix is still supported as a synonym) as the target of a MediaWiki link.</translate> <translate> The alternate <tvar name=media>Media:</tvar> namespace prefix is also usable to reference the original media file content (for rendering or downloading it separately, out of any MediaWiki page).</translate>

<translate>

Supported media types for images[edit]

The following file formats are supported by default: </translate>

  • .jpg <translate> or</translate> .jpeg - <translate> bitmap image compressed in the standard JPEG format (this lossy format is most suitable for photographs).</translate>
  • .png - <translate> bitmap image in the Portable Network Graphics format (specified by the W3 Consortium).</translate>
  • .gif - <translate> bitmap image in the legacy Graphics Interchange Format.</translate>

<translate> Other formats used on Wikimedia, and commonly enabled elsewhere (these may require extra set-up beyond what is enabled by default): </translate>

  • .svg - <translate> scalable image in the Scalable Vector Graphics format (specified by the W3 Consortium).</translate> <translate> See [[<tvar name=1>Special:MyLanguage/Manual:Image Administration#SVG</tvar>|Manual:Image Administration#SVG]].</translate>
  • .tiff - <translate> Tagged image format.</translate> <translate> Often used for high-resolution archival photographs.</translate> <translate> Often used with <tvar name=1>Template:Ll</tvar>.</translate>
  • .ogg, .oga, .ogv - <translate> Ogg multimedia (audio or video).</translate> <translate> Not an image format, but treated similarly.</translate> <translate> Often used with <tvar name=1>Template:Ll</tvar></translate>
  • .pdf - <translate> multipaged documents in the Portable Document Format (initially specified by Adobe).</translate> <translate> Often used in conjunction with <tvar name=1>Template:Ll</tvar></translate>
  • .djvu - <translate> multipaged bitmap documents in the DejaVu format (most often, scans of books).</translate> <translate> See <tvar name=1>Template:Ll</tvar></translate>

<translate>

  • Only a single page of a <tvar name=1>.pdf</tvar> or <tvar name=2>.djvu</tvar> file is shown at one time.

Other media types may be supported, but it may not be possible to display them inline.

Rendering a single image[edit]

Syntax[edit]

The full syntax for displaying an image is: </translate>

[[File:filename.extension|options|caption]]

<translate> where options can be empty or containing one or more of the following lower-case words, separated by pipes (|): </translate>

<translate>

  • [[<tvar name=1>#Format</tvar>|Format]] option: border, and one of frameless, frame (or framed), or thumb (or thumbnail).</translate> Note: border can be used in combination with frameless but will be ignored if used with one of the other options.

<translate>

  • Controls how the rendered image is formatted and embedded in the rest of the page.

</translate> <translate>

  • [[<tvar name=1>#Size and frame</tvar>|Resizing]] option: one of</translate>

<translate>

    • {width}px — Resizes the image to fit within the given maximum width in pixels, without restricting its height.</translate> (<translate> Only whole-number pixel values are supported.</translate> <translate> A space character between the width value and "px" is permitted.</translate>)

<translate>

    • x{height}px — Resizes the image to fit within the given maximum height in pixels, without restricting its width.</translate> <translate> Only whole-number pixel values are supported.</translate> <translate> A space character between the height value and "px" is permitted.</translate>

<translate>

    • {width}x{height}px — Resizes the image to fit within the given width and height in pixels.</translate> <translate> Only whole-number pixel values are supported.</translate> <translate> A space character between the width value and "px" is permitted.</translate>

<translate>

    • upright — Resizes an image to fit within reasonable dimensions, according to user preferences (suitable for images whose height is larger than width).</translate> <translate> Setting <tvar name=1>|upright=1.0|</tvar> will display the image at the user's default image width.</translate> <translate> <tvar name=1>|upright=2.0|</tvar> will display the image at double the user's default width.</translate>

<translate>

  • The image will always retain its aspect ratio.</translate>

<translate>

  • Images in non-scalable media types can be reduced in size, but not increased; e.g., bitmap images cannot be scaled up.</translate>

<translate>

  • The <tvar name=1>upright</tvar> setting does not require an equals sign, i.e. <tvar name=2>|upright 2.0|</tvar> works the same as |upright=2.0|.</translate>

<translate>

  • When used without a value or an equals sign (e.g., <tvar name=1>|upright|</tvar>), defaults to <tvar name=2>|upright=0.75|</tvar> (although <tvar name=3>|upright=|</tvar> is the same as <tvar name=4>|upright=1.0|</tvar>)</translate>

<translate>

  • The default maximum size depends on the format and the internal image dimensions (according to its media type).</translate>

<translate>

  • [[<tvar name=1>#Horizontal alignment</tvar>|Horizontal alignment]] option: one of left, right, center, none.</translate> <translate> If multiple of these options are present, only the first one will be used</translate>

<translate>

  • Controls the horizontal alignment (and inline/block or floating styles) of the image within a text (no default value).</translate>

<translate>

  • [[<tvar name=1>#Vertical alignment</tvar>|Vertical alignment]] option: one of baseline, sub, super, top, text-top, middle, bottom, text-bottom</translate>

<translate>

  • Controls the vertical alignment of a non-floating inline image with the text before or after the image, and in the same block (the default vertical alignment is middle).</translate>

<translate>

  • [[<tvar name=1>#Altering the default link target</tvar>|Link]] option: one of</translate>

<translate>

    • <tvar name=1>link</tvar>={target} — Allows to change the target (to an arbitrary page title, or URL) of the generated link, activable on the rendered image surface; e.g. <tvar name=code>[[File:Example.jpg|20px|link=http://www.TechInfoDepot.org]]</tvar> renders as <tvar name=code2>Example.jpg</tvar> (external link), or <tvar name=code3>[[File:Example.jpg|20px|link=MediaWiki]]</tvar> renders as <tvar name=code4>Example.jpg</tvar> (internal link).</translate>

<translate>

    • <tvar name=2>link</tvar>= (with an empty value) — (<tvar name=1>MediaWiki 1.14+</tvar>) Displays an image without any activable link; e.g. <tvar name=code1>[[File:Example.jpg|20px|link=]]</tvar> renders as <tvar name=code2>Example.jpg</tvar>.</translate>

<translate>

  • If there is a space character between <tvar name=1>link</tvar> and the equals sign, the link statement will be treated as a caption.</translate>

<translate>

  • Including some HTML character equivalents, like <tvar name=1>%22</tvar> for <tvar name=2>"</tvar>, can cause the link statement to be treated as a caption (see <tvar name=3>phabricator:T306216</tvar>).

</translate>

  • <translate> ! for MW 1.24 and lower: If you set |link=| (empty), then no title will be rendered. (See phabricator:T23454.)</translate>

<translate>

  • Other specific options:</translate>

<translate>

    • <tvar name=2>alt</tvar>={alternative text} — (<tvar name=1>MediaWiki 1.14+</tvar>) Defines the alternative text (maps to the HTML attribute alt="..." of the generated <tvar name=3><img /></tvar> element) of an image that will be rendered if either the referenced image cannot be downloaded and embedded, or if the support media must use the alternative description text (e.g. when using a Braille reader or with accessibility options set by the user in its browser).</translate>

<translate>

  • If there is a space character between <tvar name=1>alt</tvar> and the equals sign, the alt statement will be treated as a caption.</translate>

<translate>

    • <tvar name=1>page</tvar>={number} — Renders the specified page number (currently only applicable when showing a .djvu or .pdf file).</translate>

<translate>

    • <tvar name=1>class</tvar>={html class} — (<tvar name=2>MediaWiki 1.20+</tvar>) Defines classes (maps to the HTML attribute <tvar name=3>class="..."</tvar> of the generated <tvar name=4><img /></tvar> element).</translate>

<translate>

    • <tvar name=1>lang</tvar>={language code} — (<tvar name=2>MediaWiki 1.22+</tvar>) For SVG files containing <switch> statements varying on a systemLanguage attribute, selects what language to render the file in.</translate> <translate> The default is the page language (defaults to project default language on most projects).</translate>

<translate> If a parameter does not match any of the other possibilities, it is assumed to be the caption text.</translate> <translate> If more than one non-parameter string is present, the final non-parameter string will be used as the caption.</translate> <translate> Caption text shows below the image in thumb and frame formats, or as tooltip text in any other format.</translate> <translate> Caption text displayed in the thumb and frame formats may contain wiki links and other formatting.</translate> <translate> MediaWiki extensions can add additional options.</translate>

<translate> If 'alt' is not specified and a caption is provided, the alternative text will be created automatically from the caption, stripped of formatting, except when in thumb or frame mode since the caption is already readable by screen readers in that case. </translate>

Template:Note

<translate>

Format[edit]

The following table shows the effect of all available formats. </translate>

<translate> When the height of an image in thumbnail is bigger than its width (i.e. in portrait orientation rather than landscape) and you find it too large, you may try the option upright=N, where N is the image's aspect ratio (its width divided by its height, defaulting to 0.75).</translate> <translate> The alternative is to specify the desired maximum height (in pixels) explicitly.</translate>

<translate> Note that by writing thumb={filename}, you can use a different image for the thumbnail. </translate>

<translate>

Size and frame[edit]

Among different formats, the effect of the size parameter may be different, as shown below.

  • For how it appears when its size is not specified, see [[<tvar name=1>#Format</tvar>|Format]] section above.</translate>

<translate>

  • When the format is not specified, or only bordered, the size can be both reduced and enlarged to any specified size.</translate>

<translate>

  • In the examples below, the original size of the image is 400×267 pixels.</translate>

<translate>

  • An image with frame always ignores the size specification; the original image will be reduced if it exceeds the maximum size defined in user preferences, and the page information will display a Linter error.</translate>

<translate>

  • The size of an image with thumb or frameless can be reduced, but cannot be enlarged beyond the original size of the image.

</translate>

<translate> Format</translate> <translate> Reduced</translate> <translate> Enlarged</translate>

{{ Template:TNTN|frame=}} {{ Template:TNTN|frame=border}} {{ Template:TNTN|frame=frame}} {{ Template:TNTN|frame=thumb}} {{ Template:TNTN|frame=frameless}}

<translate>

Horizontal alignment[edit]

Note that when using the frame or thumb[nail] formats, the default horizontal alignment will be right for left-to-right languages, and left for right-to-left languages. </translate>

<translate> Description</translate> <translate> You type</translate> <translate> You get</translate>

{{ Template:TNTN|2=100px|frame=|ex=<translate> no horizontal alignment specified, or default alignment</translate>|inline=yes|float=no}} {{ Template:TNTN|2=100px|frame=none|ex=<translate> specify horizontal alignment as: none</translate>|inline=no|float=no}} {{ Template:TNTN|2=100px|frame=center|ex=<translate> specify horizontal alignment as: center</translate>|inline=no|float=no}} {{ Template:TNTN|2=100px|frame=left|ex=<translate> specify horizontal alignment as: left</translate>|inline=no|float=yes}} {{ Template:TNTN|2=100px|frame=right|ex=<translate> specify horizontal alignment as: right</translate>|inline=no|float=yes}}

<translate>

Vertical alignment[edit]

</translate> <translate> The vertical alignment options take effect only if the image is rendered as an inline element and is not floating.</translate> <translate> They alter the way the inlined image will be vertically aligned with the text present in the same block before and/or after this image on the same rendered row.</translate>

<translate> Note that the rendered line of text where inline images are inserted (and the lines of text rendered after the current one) may be moved down (this will increase the line-height conditionally by additional line spacing, just as it may occur with spans of text with variable font sizes, or with superscripts and subscripts) to allow the image height to be fully displayed with this alignment constraint. </translate>

<translate> Toggle source code view</translate>
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''top:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|top]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|top]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|top]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''text-top:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|text-top]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|text-top]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|text-top]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
<sup>super:</sup> [[File:Example.jpg|20px|super]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|super]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|super]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''baseline:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|baseline]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|baseline]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|baseline]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
<sub>'''sub:'''</sub> [[File:Example.jpg|20px|sub]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|sub]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|sub]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''default:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px]][[File:Example.jpg|40px]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''middle:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|middle]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|middle]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|middle]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''text-bottom:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|text-bottom]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|text-bottom]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|text-bottom]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''bottom:'' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|bottom]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|bottom]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|bottom]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>

<translate> To show the alignment result more clearly, the text spans are overlined and underlined, the font-size is increased to 200%, and the paragraph block is outlined with a thin border; additionally images of different sizes are aligned: </translate>

text top: Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg text

text text-top: Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg text

text super: Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg text

text baseline: Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg text

text sub: Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg text

text default: Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg text

text middle: Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg text

text text-bottom: Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg text

text bottom: Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg text

<translate> Notes:

  1. The "middle" vertical alignment position of the image (which is also the default) usually refers to the middle between the x-height and the baseline of the text (on which the vertical middle of the image will be aligned, and on which usually the text may be overstroke), but not to the middle of the line-height of the font-height that refers to the space between the "text-top" and "text-bottom" positions ; the font-height excludes:</translate>

<translate>

    • the additional line separation spacing normally divided equally into two line-margins (here 0.5em, according to line-height set to 200%) above and below the font-height).</translate>

<translate>

    • the additional line spacing which may be added by superscripts and subscripts.</translate>

<translate>

  1. However, if the image height causes its top or bottom position to go above or below the normal full line-height of text, the middle position will be adjusted after the increasing the top and/or bottom line-margins so that the image can fit and align properly, and all images (including those with smaller heights) will be vertically centered on the adjusted middle position (for computing the effective line-height, the text of each rendered row with the larger font-height will be considered).</translate>

<translate>

  1. The "text-top" and "text-bottom" alignment positions also excludes the extra line spacing added by superscripts and subscripts, but not the additional line-spacing defined by the line-height.</translate>

<translate>

  1. The "top" and "bottom" alignment positions take into account all these extra line spacings (including superscripts and subscripts, if they are present in a rendered line span).</translate> <translate> When the image alignment constrains the image to grow above or below the normal line-spacing, and the image is not absolutely positioned, the image will cause the "top" and "bottom" positions to be adjusted (just like superscripts and subscripts), so the effective line-height between rendered lines of text will be higher.</translate>

<translate>

  1. The "underline", "overline" and "overstrike" text-decoration positions should be somewhere within these two limits and may depend on the type and height of fonts used (the superscript and subscript styles may be taken into account in some browsers, but usually these styles are ignored and the position of these decorations may not be adjusted); so these decorations normally don't affect the vertical position of images, relatively to the text.

Stopping the text flow[edit]

</translate> <translate> On occasion it is desirable to stop text (or other inline non-floating images) from flowing around a floating image.</translate> <translate> Depending on the web browser's screen resolution and such, text flow on the right side of an image may cause a section header (for instance, == My Header ==) to appear to the right of the image, instead of below it, as a user may expect.</translate> <translate> The text flow can be stopped by placing <tvar name=code1><br clear=all></tvar> (or if you prefer, <tvar name=code2><div style="clear: both"></div></tvar>) before the text that should start below the floating image.</translate> <translate> (This may also be done without an empty line by wrapping the section with the floating images with <tvar name=code><div style="overflow: hidden"></div></tvar>, which clears all floats inside the div element.)</translate>

<translate> All images rendered as blocks (including non-floating centered images, left- or right-floating images, as well as framed or thumbnailed floating images) are implicitly breaking the surrounding lines of text (terminating the current block of text before the image, and creating a new paragraph for the text after them).</translate> <translate> They will then stack vertically along their left or right alignment margin (or along the center line between these margins for centered images).</translate>

<translate>

Altering the default link target[edit]

</translate> <translate> The following table shows how to alter the link target (whose default is the image description page) or how to remove it.</translate> <translate> Changing the link does not alter the format described in the previous sections.</translate>

<translate> Warning</translate>:

<translate> The licencing requirements on your wiki may not allow you to remove all links to the description page that displays the required authors attributions, the copyrights statements, the applicable licencing terms, or a more complete description of the rendered image (including its history of modifications).</translate>
<translate> If you change or remove the target link of an image, you will then have to provide somewhere else on your page an explicit link to this description page, or to display the copyright and author statement and a link to the applicable licence, if they are different from the elements applicable to the embedding page itself.</translate>
<translate> Your wiki policy may restrict the use of the alternate link parameter, or may even enforce a prohibition of alternate link parameters for embedded media files (in which case, the link parameter will be ignored), or may only accept them after validation by authorized users or administrators.</translate>

<translate>

Rendering a gallery of images[edit]

Gallery syntax[edit]

</translate> <translate> It's easy to make a gallery of thumbnails with the <tvar name=gallery><gallery></tvar> tag.</translate> <translate> The syntax is:</translate>

<gallery>
File:file_name.ext|caption|alt=alt language
File:file_name.ext|caption|alt=alt language
{...}
</gallery>

<translate> Note that the image code is not enclosed in brackets when enclosed in gallery tags. </translate>

<translate> Captions are optional, and may contain wiki links or other formatting.</translate> Template:Note <translate> Some of the parameters controlling thumb output can also be used here, specifically the ones that modify the file (as opposed to ones that control where in the page the image falls).</translate> <translate> For example, with multi-paged media like pdfs, you can use code like <tvar name=code>page=4</tvar>.</translate>

<translate> The <tvar name=file>File:</tvar> prefix can be omitted.</translate> <translate> However, it is helpful to include it as an aid for quickly locating image specifiers in the wikitext (for example, when cleaning up page layout).</translate>

<translate> For example: </translate>

<gallery>
File:Example.jpg|Item 1
File:Example.jpg|a link to [[Help:Contents]]
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg|alt=An example image. It has flowers
File:Example.jpg|''italic caption''
File:Example.jpg|Links to external website|link=https://example.com
File:Example.jpg|link=w:Main_Page|Internal link
Example.jpg|on page "{{PAGENAME}}"
File:Using Firefox.pdf|page=72
</gallery>

<translate> is formatted as: </translate>

<translate>

<tvar name=1>mode</tvar> parameter[edit]

</translate> Template:MW 1.22 <translate> Starting in 1.22 a <tvar name=1>mode</tvar> parameter is available, taking options as follows:

  • <tvar name=1>traditional</tvar> is the original gallery type used by MediaWiki.</translate>

<translate>

  • <tvar name=1>nolines</tvar> is similar to <tvar name=2>traditional</tvar>, but with no border lines.</translate>

<translate>

  • <tvar name=1>packed</tvar> causes images to have the same height but different widths, with little space between the images.</translate> <translate> The rows in this responsive mode organize themselves according to the width of the screen.</translate>

<translate>

  • <tvar name=1>packed-overlay</tvar> shows the caption overlaid on the image, in a semi-transparent white box.</translate>

<translate>

  • <tvar name=1>packed-hover</tvar> is similar to <tvar name=2>packed-overlay</tvar>, but with the caption and box only showing up on hover.</translate>
  • <translate> <tvar name=1>slideshow</tvar> creates a slideshow of the images.</translate>

<translate> For example: </translate>

<gallery mode="packed-hover">
Image:Astronotus_ocellatus.jpg|''[[commons:Astronotus ocellatus|Astronotus ocellatus]]'' (Oscar)
Image:Salmonlarvakils.jpg|''[[commons:Salmo salar|Salmo salar]]'' (Salmon Larva)
Image:Georgia Aquarium - Giant Grouper.jpg|''[[commons:Epinephelus lanceolatus|Epinephelus lanceolatus]]'' (Giant grouper)
Image:Pterois volitans Manado-e.jpg|''[[commons:Pterois volitans|Pterois volitans]]'' (Red Lionfish)
Image:Macropodus opercularis - front (aka).jpg|''[[commons:Macropodus opercularis|Macropodus opercularis]]'' (Paradise fish)
Image:Canthigaster valentini 1.jpg|''[[commons:Canthigaster valentini|Canthigaster valentini]]'' (Valentinni's sharpnose puffer)
Image:Flughahn.jpg|[[Image:POTY ribbon 2007.svg|25px]] ''[[commons:Dactylopterus volitans|Dactylopterus volitans]]'' (Flying gurnard)
Image:Fishmarket 01.jpg|''[[commons:Semicossyphus pulcher|Semicossyphus pulcher]]'' (California Sheephead)
Image:Pseudorasbora parva(edited version).jpg|''[[commons:Category:Pseudorasbora parva|Pseudorasbora parva]]'' (Topmouth gudgeon)
Image:MC Rotfeuerfisch.jpg|''[[commons:Category:Pterois antennata|Pterois antennata]]'' (Antennata Lionfish)
Image:Cleaning station konan.jpg|''[[commons:Novaculichthys taeniourus|Novaculichthys taeniourus]]''
Image:Synchiropus splendidus 2 Luc Viatour.jpg|''[[commons:Synchiropus splendidus|Synchiropus splendidus]]'' (Mandarin fish)
File:Psetta maxima Luc Viatour.jpg|''[[commons:Psetta maxima|Psetta maxima]]'' (Turbot)
File:Australian blenny.jpg|''[[commons:Category:Ecsenius|Ecsenius axelrodi]]''
</gallery>

<translate> Gives (mode: <tvar name=hover>packed-hover</tvar>): </translate>

<translate> Examples of the other modes: </translate>

mode="traditional"

mode="nolines"

mode="packed"

mode="packed-overlay"

mode="packed-hover"

Template:MW 1.28 mode="slideshow"

<translate>

Optional gallery attributes[edit]

The gallery tag itself takes several additional parameters, specified as attribute name-value pairs: </translate>

<gallery {parameters}>
{images}
</gallery>

<translate>

  • caption="{caption}": (caption text between double quotes for more than a word) sets a caption centered atop the gallery. Only plain text may be used in the caption; formatting, templates and the like will not work.</translate>

<translate>

  • widths={width}px: sets the (max) widths of the images; the [[<tvar name=options>Special:MyLanguage/Manual:$wgGalleryOptions</tvar>|default value]] is 120px.</translate> <translate> Note the plural: widths</translate>.

<translate>

  • heights={heights}px: sets the (max) heights of the images; the default value is 120px.</translate>

<translate>

  • perrow={integer}: sets the number of images per row.</translate> <translate> 0 means automatically adjust based on width of screen.</translate>

<translate>

  • showfilename={anything}: Show the filenames of the images in the individual captions for each image (1.17+).</translate>

<translate>

  • mode={traditional|nolines|packed|packed-hover|packed-overlay|slideshow}: See section above (1.22+; 1.28+ for "slideshow").</translate>

<translate>

  • showthumbnails: For "slideshow" mode only, display the strip with image thumbnails below the slideshow by default (1.29+).

</translate>

Template:Note

<translate>

Example 1

Syntax: </translate>

<gallery widths=300px heights=200px>
File:Example.jpg|Lorem ipsum
File:Example.jpg|Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut
</gallery>

<translate> Result: </translate>

<translate>

Example 2

Syntax: </translate>

<gallery widths=60px heights=60px perrow=7 caption="sunflowers are groovy">
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
</gallery>

<translate> Result: </translate>

<translate>

Row of images that will wrap to browser width[edit]

</translate> <translate> One way that works for a row of images with varying widths is not to use "thumb" or "left" or "none".</translate> <translate> If "thumb" is not used (and thus no captions) a row of images will wrap to the browser width.</translate> <translate> If necessary, narrow the browser window to see the images wrap to the next row.</translate>

[[File:Example.jpg|220px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|100px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|150px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|250px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|200px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|50px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|220px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|175px]]

Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg Example.jpg

<translate> To wrap images of varying widths with captions it is necessary to use div HTML for an unordered list. Along with style="display: inline-block;". For more info and ideas see: Give Floats the Flick in CSS Layouts. </translate>

<div><ul> 
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|220px|Caption 1]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|100px|Caption 2]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|150px|Caption 3]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|250px|Caption 4]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|200px|Caption 5]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|50px|Caption 6]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|220px|Caption 7]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|175px|Caption 8]] </li>
</ul></div>
  • Caption 1
  • Caption 2
  • Caption 3
  • Caption 4
  • Caption 5
  • Caption 6
  • Caption 7
  • Caption 8

<translate> To align the top edge of images add the vertical-align command</translate>

<div><ul> 
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|220px|Caption 1]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|100px|Caption 2]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|150px|Caption 3]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|250px|Caption 4]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|200px|Caption 5]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|50px|Caption 6]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|220px|Caption 7]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|175px|Caption 8]] </li>
</ul></div>
  • Caption 1
  • Caption 2
  • Caption 3
  • Caption 4
  • Caption 5
  • Caption 6
  • Caption 7
  • Caption 8

<translate> Some wiki farms do not have all gallery options (such as "widths").</translate> <translate> Also, sometimes one wants varying widths for images in a row.</translate> <translate> Outside of a gallery, or the div HTML, it is impossible to have individual captions for images in a row of images that will wrap to the browser width.</translate> <translate> Try it and see. Nothing else using wikitext works correctly. Images will either overlap stuff on the right, or force a horizontal scroll bar.</translate>

<translate> Using a left float ("left") for some images, combined with "none" for some of the images, will not work consistently either, especially if there is also a right sidebar of images.</translate> <translate> Weird things will occur.</translate> <translate> At narrower browser or screen widths an image out of the row may appear far down the page after the end of the right sidebar of images.</translate>

<translate>

Link behavior[edit]

</translate> <translate> By default an image links to its file description page.</translate> <translate> The "link=" option modifies this behavior to link to another page or website, or to turn off the image's linking behavior.</translate>

<translate> Alternatively, you can create a text link to a file description page or to the file itself.</translate> <translate> See <tvar name=1>Template:Ll</tvar>.</translate>

<translate>

Display image, link it to another page or website[edit]

</translate>

<translate> Use "link=" option to link image to another page or website:

Clicking on the below image will take you to MediaWiki: </translate>

[[File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg|50px|link=MediaWiki]]

MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg

<translate> Clicking on the below image will take you to example.com: </translate>

[[File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg|50px|link=http://example.com]]

MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg

<translate>

Display image, turn off link[edit]

Use "link=" option with no value assigned to turn link off entirely; the below image is not a link: </translate>

[[File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg|50px|link=]]

MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg

<translate>

Link to an image[edit]

Add <tvar name=colon>:</tvar> as a prefix to the link you need to create. </translate>

[[:File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg]]

File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg

[[:File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg|Wiki]]

Wiki

<translate>

Directly linking to an image[edit]

</translate> <translate> The above examples link to the image's description page.</translate> <translate> To directly link to an image, the pseudo-namespace <tvar name=1>Media:</tvar> can be used on MediaWiki pages:</translate>

[[Media:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg]]

Media:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg

<translate>

Direct links from external sites[edit]

</translate> <translate> Another possibility is to use the <tvar name=1>Special:Redirect/file</tvar> page (or its alias <tvar name=2>Special:Filepath</tvar>).</translate> <translate> Unlike the above example, you can link to it from external websites as well as from MediaWiki pages.</translate>

[[Special:Redirect/file/TechInfoDepot.png]]

<translate> The parameters height and width can also be added to return a specific size of the image.</translate> <translate> The image aspect ratio is always preserved.</translate>

https://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Special:Redirect/file/TechInfoDepot.png&width=100&height=100

<translate>

Obtaining the full URL of an image[edit]

To obtain the full path of an image (without going through redirects as shown above), some <tvar name=1>Template:Ll</tvar> can be used. </translate>

{{filepath:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg}}

<translate> Becomes:</translate>

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg

<translate> In the event that this is used from a template where the File: namespace needs to be removed, <tvar name=1>{{PAGENAME}}</tvar> can do so:</translate>

{{filepath:{{PAGENAME:File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg}}}}

<translate> Becomes:</translate>

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg

<translate>

Requisites[edit]

</translate> <translate> Before using images in your page, the system administrator of your wiki must have [[<tvar name=uploads>Special:MyLanguage/Manual:Configuring file uploads</tvar>|enabled file uploads]] and a user has to [[<tvar name=managing>Special:MyLanguage/Help:Managing files</tvar>|upload the file]].</translate> <translate> System administrators may also set the wiki to accept files from [[<tvar name=image>Special:MyLanguage/Manual:Image Administration#Foreign Repositories</tvar>|foreign repositories]], such as the [<tvar name=url>http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page</tvar> Wikimedia Commons].</translate> <translate> For server side image resizing it is necessary to have a scaler configured (such as GD2, ImageMagick, etc.).</translate>

<translate>

Files at other websites[edit]

</translate> <translate> You can link to an external file available online using the same syntax used for linking to an external web page.</translate> <translate> With these syntaxes, the image will not be rendered, but only the text of the link to this image will be displayed.</translate>

[http://url.for/some/image.png]

<translate> Or with a different displayed text: </translate>

[http://url.for/some/image.png <translate nowrap><!--T:195--> link text here</translate>]

<translate> Additional MediaWiki markup or HTML/CSS formatting (for inline elements) is permitted in this displayed text (except for embedded links that would break the surrounding link): </translate>

[http://www.example.com/some/image.png <translate nowrap><!--T:197--> Example '''<del>rich</del>''' ''<ins>link text</ins>'' here.</translate>]

<translate> which renders as:</translate> <translate> Example rich link text here.</translate>

<translate> If it is enabled on your wiki (see <tvar name=AllowExternalImages>Template:Ll</tvar>), you can also embed external images. To do that, simply insert the image's URL: </translate>

http://url.for/some/image.png

<translate> Embedded images can be resized by the CSS <tvar name=transform>transform</tvar> property. They also may be formatted by surrounding MediaWiki markup or HTML/CSS code.

If this wiki option is not enabled, the image will not be embedded but rendered as a textual link to the external site, just like above, unless the site's <tvar name=AllowExternalImagesFrom>Template:Ll</tvar> has a value.

See also[edit]

</translate>

[[Category:Help{{#translation:}}|Images]]